Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a research-based communication approach to evoke patients’ own motivation for health behavior change.
Ambivalence often lies at the heart of behavioral change. While patients may recognize the benefits of making a change, they may also be faced with the downsides or barriers to change. If they are unable to resolve this ambivalence, they remain stuck—no forward progress.
MI provides a framework and toolbox for healthcare professionals to more effectively help patients resolve ambivalence and make behavioral changes. Examples of behavior change “targets” may include: improving eating or exercise behaviors, attending medical appointments, quitting smoking or addressing substance use, following through on referrals, and adherence to other medical recommendations.
Research on Motivational Interviewing suggests it is an effective approach for catalyzing change related to lifestyle behaviors, substance use, patient self-monitoring, and attendance at medical appointments, as well as downstream effects on health outcomes.1
Research also suggests that an MI approach is significantly more effective than traditional advice-giving in clinical encounters.2
1 Lundahl B, Moleni T, Burke BL, Butters R, Tollefson D, Butler C, Rollnick S. Motivational interviewing in medical care settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Patient Educ Couns. 2013 Nov;93(2):157-68. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2013.07.012. Epub 2013 Aug 1. PMID: 24001658.
2 Rollnick S, Butler CC, Kinnersley P, Gregory J, Mash B. Motivational interviewing. BMJ. 2010 Apr 27;340:c1900. doi: 10.1136/bmj.c1900. PMID: 20423957.
Dr. Hoover is a member of the Motivational Interviewing Network of Trainers and has provided online and in-person MI training with thousands of healthcare professionals and students including RNs and APPs, dietitians, social workers, physicians, therapists, and medical and nursing students.
Dr. Hoover has trained healthcare professionals that work in a variety of environments, including hospitals, ambulatory settings, community-based treatment settings, the pharmaceutical industry, and academic medical centers.
In addition to MI Training and clinical work, Dr. Hoover has also taught graduate level coursework in MI and conducted MI dissemination research.
Dr. Hoover provides dedicated MI training to healthcare organizations. In designing each training she include a combination of didactics, live demonstration of MI skills, videos, and individual and small group exercises and skills practice. This dynamic approach keeps learners engaged and improves skill acquisition.
Based on the needs of your organization, Dr. Hoover will tailor the training in regards to:
Dr. Hoover is currently developing an online learning platform to provide ongoing, interactive MI training and support for learners after completion of the initial training. The platform will include advanced opportunities for practicing MI skills and receiving constructive feedback. Estimated Release: Winter 2022-2023